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School Blog Post

  • Writer's pictureThe New Zealand School Jakarta

The Foundations of Learning

In Early Years, we follow the New Zealand Early Childhood Curriculum. It is a play-based approach to children's education and we believe provides the foundations for learning. This Curriculum is called ‘Te Whariki’, which comes from the Māori language and translates to ‘woven mat’.

The idea is that all the principles, values, strands and learning goals weave together to form a holistic framework of education and help children develop as whole human beings. These areas of growth are not isolated. Instead, they connect, interweave and supplement each other.

Part 1: The Principles

The four principles of the Te Whariki are empowerment, holistic development, family and community and relationships.


For children to reach their potential, they should be respected and valued. We aim to empower children by giving them agency and the confidence to create and act on their own ideas and explore areas of knowledge that interest them. Moreover, provide opportunities for children to think, make choices and express their views and opinions.

Holistic Development

It is essential that education focuses on all aspects of human development. At school, we aim to provide a balanced curriculum that nurtures the intellectual, physical, spiritual, social and emotional aspects of our students’ lives. A holistic approach views the child as a capable learner, full of potential and ready to learn and grow.

Family and Community

Family and the wider community is an integral part of our Early Years programme. Children learn best when their identity, culture and language are affirmed and valued. A strong relationship between school and family will enable families to support their child's learning at home and teachers can learn about the child's interests, strengths and needs so that they can build on what children bring with them to the classroom.


Positive relationships between teachers, children and families are important for a child to feel safe and learn effectively. It reminds us to support children while they build relationships with other people, places and things. In addition, it is important for children to understand their relationship to the natural world and the impact they can have on other people and the planet.

Part 2: The Strands

The five strands of the Te Whariki are wellbeing, belonging, contribution, communication and exploration.


This strand focuses on maintaining a healthy lifestyle and nurturing emotional wellbeing. It is important for children to feel safe from harm and in an environment where they feel comfortable to express their needs and feelings.


This strand focuses on building connections and links between school, family and the wider community. It is important for children to feel they belong and are familiar with the routines and customs of the place they are in. They should understand the limits and boundaries but also feel comfortable to take age appropriate risks and ask questions.


This strand focuses on providing opportunities for all students to learn, participate and contribute to the school community. Children should feel valued and affirmed as individuals with their own interests and experiences but also encouraged to learn and collaborate with others.


This strand focuses on the development of verbal and non-verbal communication

skills for a range of purposes. Children should be given opportunities to express their feelings and ideas. They should be able to understand, enjoy and use language in creative ways.


This strand focuses on nurturing curiosity and reminds us that play is a valuable mode of learning. When children play, they can explore, discover, experiment and solve problems in imaginative ways. We should give children opportunities to develop working theories about how the world works and as they explore, they learn strategies for thinking, reasoning and working with others.

We believe the Te Whariki framework can support and provide the foundations of learning. It offers guidance for nurturing “competent and confident learners and communicators, healthy in mind, body and spirit, secure in their sense of belonging and in the knowledge that they make a valued contribution to society” (New Zealand Ministry of Education).

By Tim Maitland

If you want to receive your copy of our short publication on -

“5 Māori Philosophies for Raising Children with Strong Values in a Globalized World” - please fill out your email here and we’ll get it to you.


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